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Mars and Venus - How Europeans and Americans View and Use Science - ESOF July20th -Part 1: The Eu Perspective -

Mike Ciavarella's picture

From ESOF, an interesting presentation, attached. 

Mars and Venus
How Europeans and Americans
View and Use Science<
Part 1: The European Perspective

Dr Roland Schenkel, Director General, European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)

 Some quotes

EU is theworld’s largest producer of scientific output
Share in world total of peer reviewed scientific articles:
1.EU: 38 %
2.US: 33%
3.Japan: 9 %
4.China: 6%
Challenges: USproduces significantly more scientific publications per million populationand per university researcher.
EU also behindin terms of overall citation impact.

EU scores best in ‘traditional’scientific fields (chemistry, astronomy, pharmacology, mathematics, physics and the engineering sciences) but lags behind the US in new, fast-emerging fields.
US produces world’s most visible research overall, butEurope leads in certain key fields such as‘energy’and ‘materials science’.
Scientific output more dispersed across scientific disciplines in the EU than in the US. Scientific output (measured by scientific publications) more evenly distributed across all fields of science in EU.
Green innovation and technology: EU is world leader in renewableenergies. Annual industry turnover of €30 billionand 350,000 jobs.
Venture capital investment: US almost40% ahead of theEU intotal investment and 64% inearly stage investment (2005).

 Out of the 25 most active* research universitiesin the world, 80% are located in the US.
•But out of the 386 most active research universities in the world, 45% are located in Europeand 32% in the US.
•EU-27 produces nearlytwice as many science and engineering university graduates as the US (850,000 against 430,000) and more thantwice its S&E doctoral graduates (41,000 against 19,000).

European Council, March 2007: Union adopts strategic objective to limit global warming to no more than 2ºCelsius above pre-industrial levels.
"3 times 20"objectivesfor 2020:
•-20% greenhouse gas emissions,
•+20% improvement in energy efficiency
•with 20% coming from renewable energy sources.
Researchis key to the EU’s strategy for dealing with climate change.Key in mitigation (above) and also in adaptation measures…
Energy: A Strategic Energy Technology-Plan (SET-Plan) adopted 2007 to accelerate innovationof low carbon energy technologies and encourage European industry to turn threats of climate change and insecurity of supply into opportunities to increase competitiveness.

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