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Inflation induced twist in geometrically incompatible isotropic tubes

emuna's picture

We propose a new layered configuration of isotropic tubes that twists upon inflation, based on the concept of geometric incompatibilities. For more details click "Read more" below. The full paper can be found at:


The fundamental twist motion in tubes is commonly generated by torque. However, twist can also be indirectly induced by mechanical loadings (inflation/extension), growth and remodeling processes, and environmental conditions. This unusual coupling commonly originates from material anisotropy. In this work we propose a configuration of isotropic bi-layer tubes that twists upon inflation. This mechanism is based on twist incompatibility: two tubes are axially twisted in opposing directions and glued to form a bi-layer tube. The residual stress that develops gives rise to deformation-induced anisotropy which enables twist under inflation. To demonstrate the induced-twist response, we employ the neo-Hookean and the Gent models. We derive closed-form expressions for the twist angle as a function of the pressure in neo-Hookean bi-layer tubes and show that a terminal angle exists in the limiting pressure. Numerical studies of bi-layer Gent tubes are carried out and reveal that the lock-up effect governs the terminal twist angle. Interestingly, we find that in bi-layer Gent tubes the twist direction and handedness can be reversed upon inflation. These counter-intuitive effects, known as inversion and perversion, respectively, stem from the load-dependent variations in the ratio between the torsional stiffness of the two layers. We provide criteria that allow to program the induced-twist response of bi-layer tubes through the design of the properties of the two layers. This approach may be of value in the design of soft robots, artificial muscles, and soft actuators.



Dear Nir,

Thank you for interesting paper.

I hope tha will be interesting for you. We have studied another family of deformation which leads to deformation anisotropy: "Deformations of helical spring and cuboid into hollow cylinders", "Deformation of a closed hyperelastic helical spring". And we have obtained that an internal pressure leads to a torsion of our pre-stressed tube.

Best wishes,
Alexey Kolesnikov

emuna's picture

Dear Dr. Kolesnikov,

Thank you for these reference which were unknown to me so far. It seems highly relevant to the our study. 



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