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Additive manufacturing --> microstructure-->mechanical response

Amit Pandey's picture

Tensile behavior of selective laser melted Ferritic Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steel was evaluated for the first time and correlated to microstructures.



Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steels typically contain a fine dispersion of nanoscopic Y(Al, Ti) oxides, leading to an improvement in mechanical and physical properties. A rapid prototyping technique, selective laser melting (SLM), was successfully applied to consolidate as-mechanically alloyed ODS-PM2000 (Fe–19Cr–5.5Al–0.5Ti–0.5Y2O3; all wt.%) powder to fabricate solid and thin-walled builds of different thickness. This work is intended to act as a first study to investigate the tensile response of such configurations at room temperature, using miniaturized test specimens along and perpendicular to the growth direction. The 0.2% offset yield strength of as-grown wall builds was inferior to conventional PM2000 alloy (recrystallized), but could be significantly increased by conducting post-build heat treatments. Young’s modulus and yield strength showed anisotropy and were enhanced when testing perpendicular to the build growth direction. Electron backscatter diffraction revealed a strong [0 0 1] fibre texture along the growth direction, which explains the anisotropic behaviour. Additionally, studies on the morphology of the individual fracture surfaces, the grain structure of the cross-section near this region and the size distribution of ODS particles in such builds were conducted. A fine dispersion of precipitates was retained in all SLM builds, and findings suggest that a certain amount of Y is probably still in atomic solution in the as-grown condition and forms new small nanoscopic dispersoids during annealing, which lead to enhanced strengthening.


  • Oxide dispersion strengthened alloys
  • Rapid prototyping
  • Tensile testing
  • Anisotropy
  • Transmission electron microscopy
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