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Two dimensional silicon nanowalls for lithium ion batteries

Teng Li's picture

One-dimensional (1-D) nanostructures such as nanowires and nanotubes have been widely explored for anodes with high specific capacity in Li-ion batteries, which effectively release the mechanical stress to avoid structure pulverization. However, 1-D nanostructures typically have a high surface area, which leads to a large irreversible capacity in the first cycle due to a solid electrolyte interface (SEI) formation. Two dimensional (2-D) nanowalls can address the same challenges as 1-D nanostructures, with a much lower surface area. For the first time, we demonstrated a 2-D nanowall structure with silicon for Li-ion batteries. Excellent performance for the first Coulombic efficiency (CE) has been achieved. Such a 2-D nanowall structure can also be applied in other devices with improved performance where nanostructures are needed but a high surface area is problematic.

Journal of Materials Chemistry A, published online 11 Oct. 2013.  DOI:10.1039/C3TA13546B  

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