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The Anelastic Ericksen Problem: Universal Deformations and Universal Eigenstrains in Incompressible Nonlinear Anelasticity

Arash_Yavari's picture

Ericksen's problem consists of determining all equilibrium deformations that can be sustained solely by the application of boundary tractions for an arbitrary incompressible isotropic hyperelastic material whose stress-free configuration is geometrically flat. We generalize this by first, using a geometric formulation of this problem to show that all the known universal solutions are symmetric with respect to Lie subgroups of the special Euclidean group. Second, we extend this problem to its anelastic version, where the stress-free configuration of the body is a Riemannian manifold. Physically, this situation corresponds to the case where  nontrivial finite eigenstrains are present. We characterize explicitly the universal eigenstrains that share the symmetries present in the classical problem, and show that in the presence of eigenstrains, the six known classical families of universal solutions merge into three distinct anelastic families, distinguished by their particular symmetry group. Some generic solutions of these families correspond to well-known cases of anelastic eigenstrains. Additionally, we show that some of these families possess a branch of anomalous solutions, and demonstrate the unique features of these solutions and the equilibrium stress they generate.

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